Review of Key Underwater Wireless Communication Mediums


  • Muhammad Imran Majid
  • Muhammad Haseeb Nasir
  • Osama Mahfooz


underwater Wireless communication, magnetic induction, Optical Communication, Acoustics


Global warming is a phenomenon where frozen water in the poles will slowly dissolve resulting in rising ocean levels. Subsequently, it is important to monitor maritime activity. The purpose of this paper is to explore different underwater communication mediums which are reliable and sustainable in underwater environment. In the course of recent years, earthbound wireless communication is evolving due to the fact that deep sea ecological conditions are mostly unexplored. Hence, underwater communication has been affiliated with high bandwidth and data speeds. In addition, the analysis between techniques leading to an arrangement of communication in underwater is addressed. Furthermore, the effect of various parameters is documented along with future research directions.


Author Biographies

Muhammad Imran Majid



Muhammad Haseeb Nasir



Osama Mahfooz




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How to Cite

Majid, M. I., Muhammad Haseeb Nasir, & Osama Mahfooz. (2022). Review of Key Underwater Wireless Communication Mediums. University of Wah Journal of Science and Technology (UWJST), 6, 1–8. Retrieved from