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In this study, the certain factors that have affected the interaction between the drivers and pedestrians and caused serious traffic problems including traffic jams, road accidents, injuries, and deaths of people were analyzed and discussed in detail. Data was collected by surveying 6th Road Junction on Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Likert Questionnaire-based survey was used to organize data according to the public reviews. After the collection of data, it was then analyzed by SPSS software. The values of standard deviation varied from 1.1 to 1.36 in case of driver's data analysis. Similarly, the values of standard deviation varied from 1.04 to 1.53 in the case of pedestrian data analysis. These mean and variance values directed to divide the whole data into five ranges starting from never to always. Pie charts showed the values for literacy rate, age, and gender of people using the 6th road including both drivers and pedestrians.
According to the data gathered from the demographic analysis, there were 60% male and 40% female pedestrians. In this research 85.7% male and 14.3% female drivers were studied. It showed they were not ethical enough with others while driving the vehicle in case of drivers and while crossing the road in case of pedestrians. Most of the drivers were found without a license while driving their vehicles. Similarly, many pedestrians were found careless while crossing the road as they use mobile phones while road crossing. Many factors were involved that were the main reasons for traffic problems. These factors included not using footpath, use of mobile phones while driving, not using overhead bridges or underpass for road crossing, lack of road signs knowledge, careless attitude while driving the vehicle, use of harsh languages with each other in case of accidents or traffic jam and the over speeding of vehicles, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to educate the drivers and pedestrians about traffic rules and regulations and the importance of these rules and regulations for better conscience to avoid traffic congestion, road accidents, and injuries.
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