Characterization's Study of Drivers and Pedestrians Interaction While Road Usage from Ethical Perspective

Main Article Content

Muhammad Wajahat Ali Khawaja

Abstract

In this study, the certain factors that have affected the interaction between the drivers and pedestrians and caused serious traffic problems including traffic jams, road accidents, injuries, and deaths of people were analyzed and discussed in detail. Data was collected by surveying 6th Road Junction on Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Likert Questionnaire-based survey was used to organize data according to the public reviews. After the collection of data, it was then analyzed by SPSS software. The values of standard deviation varied from 1.1 to 1.36 in case of driver's data analysis. Similarly, the values of standard deviation varied from 1.04 to 1.53 in the case of pedestrian data analysis. These mean and variance values directed to divide the whole data into five ranges starting from never to always. Pie charts showed the values for literacy rate, age, and gender of people using the 6th road including both drivers and pedestrians.


According to the data gathered from the demographic analysis, there were 60% male and 40% female pedestrians. In this research 85.7% male and 14.3% female drivers were studied. It showed they were not ethical enough with others while driving the vehicle in case of drivers and while crossing the road in case of pedestrians. Most of the drivers were found without a license while driving their vehicles. Similarly, many pedestrians were found careless while crossing the road as they use mobile phones while road crossing. Many factors were involved that were the main reasons for traffic problems. These factors included not using footpath, use of mobile phones while driving, not using overhead bridges or underpass for road crossing, lack of road signs knowledge, careless attitude while driving the vehicle, use of harsh languages with each other in case of accidents or traffic jam and the over speeding of vehicles, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to educate the drivers and pedestrians about traffic rules and regulations and the importance of these rules and regulations for better conscience to avoid traffic congestion, road accidents, and injuries.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khawaja, M. W. A. (2021). Characterization’s Study of Drivers and Pedestrians Interaction While Road Usage from Ethical Perspective. University of Wah Journal of Science and Technology (UWJST), 5(1), 58-62. Retrieved from https://uwjst.org.pk/index.php/uwjst/article/view/90
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Muhammad Wajahat Ali Khawaja, Capital University of Science and Technology Islamabad

Lecturer Civil Engineering, CUST, islamabad

References

[1] Abdunazarov, J., et al., Method of analysis of the reasons and consequences of traffic accidents in Uzbekistan cities, International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering Vol. 10(4), pp. 483- 490.A, 2020.
[2] Alhajyaseen, W. K. and M. Iryo-Asano, Studying critical pedestrian behavioral changes for the safety assessment at signalized crosswalks, Safety Science, Vol. 91, pp. 351-360, 2017.
[3] Amado, H., et al., Pedestrian–Vehicle Interaction at Unsignalized Crosswalks: A Systematic Review, Sustainability, Vol. 12(7), pp. 2805-2814, 2020.
[4] Arena, F., et al., V2X communications applied to safety of pedestrians and vehicles, Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, Vol. 9(1), pp. 35-43, 2020.
[5] Bella, F., et al., Driver-pedestrian interaction under different road environments, Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 27, pp. 148-155, 2017.
[6] Bertulis, T. and D. M. Dulaski, Driver approach speed and its impact on driver yielding to pedestrian behavior at unsignalized crosswalks, Transportation Research Record, Vol. 2464(1), pp. 46-51, 2014.
[7] Casado-Sanz, N., et al., Investigating the risk factors associated with the severity of the pedestrians injured on Spanish crosstown roads, Sustainability, Vol. 11(19), pp. 519-534, 2019.
[8] Castella, J. and J. Perez, Sensitivity to punishment and sensitivity to reward and traffic violations, Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 36(6), pp. 947-952, 2004.
[9] Damsere-Derry, J., et al., Road accident fatality risks for vulnerable versus protected road users in northern Ghana, Traffic Injury Prevention, Vol. 18(7), pp. 736-743, 2017.
[10] Danaf, M., et al., Pedestrian–vehicular interactions in a mixed street environment, Transportation Letters, Vol. 12(2), pp. 87-99, 2020.
[11] Feliciani, C., et al., A simulation model for non-signalized pedestrian crosswalks based on evidence from on field observation, Intelligenza Artificiale, Vol. 11(2), pp. 117-138, 2017.
[12] González-Hernández, B., et al., The driver’s visual perception research to analyze pedestrian safety at twilight., Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 45, pp. 827-834, 2020.
[13] Lobo, A., et al., Daily and Latent Lagged Effects of Rainfall on Pedestrian–Vehicle Collisions, Weather, Climate, and Society, Vol. 12(2), pp. 279-291, 2020.
[14] Merlino, S. and L. Mondada, Crossing the street: How pedestrians interact with cars, Language & Communication, Vol. 65, pp. 131-147, 2019.
[15] O'Dowd, E. and T. V. Pollet (2018), Gender Differences in Use of a Pedestrian Crossing: An Observational Study in Newcastle upon Tyne, Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science, Vol. 9(1), pp. 1-4, 2018.
[16] O’Hern, S., et al., A simulator study of driving behavior and mental workload in mixed-use arterial road environments, Traffic Injury Prevention, Vol. 20(6), pp. 648-654, 2019.
[17] Rasouli, A., et al., Understanding pedestrian behavior in complex traffic scenes, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles, Vol. 3(1), pp. 61-70, 2017.
[18] Upahita, D. P., et al., Effect of driving experience and driving inactivity on young driver’s hazard mitigation skills." Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour 59: 286-297, 2018.
[19] Wang, F., et al., Analysis of driving behavior based on dynamic changes of personality states, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 17(2), pp. 430-444, 2020.
[20] Zheng, Y., et al., Driver types and their behaviors within a high level of pedestrian activity environment, Transportation letters, Vol. 9(1), pp. 1-11, 2017.